The average cost of a home in the U.S. is $428,700. $428,700 is a huge amount of money, and only a few Americans can afford to dole out such cash to pay for a home outrightly. For this reason, many Americans depend on mortgage. A mortgage loan can help in buying a home. It often comes with terms outlined by the lender and signed by you. However, there is the fear that banks can change these terms. Is it possible? Can a bank change the terms of a mortgage?
A bank cannot change the terms of a mortgage. The same applies to the balance or the interest rate of the loan if that was agreed when you’ve signed the papers. So whatever term was agreed upon initially will remain that way.
Are you planning on buying your dream home with a mortgage? If so, you may want to know what you are getting into. In addition, you may also want to know the possibility of a bank changing the terms of a mortgage.
Can a Bank Change the Terms of a Mortgage?
Homes are expensive in the United States, and purchasing one out-of-pocket can be difficult. Because of this, many people turn to mortgages when looking to purchase their dream home.
For those who aren’t aware, a mortgage is a loan from a bank or other financial institution that helps purchase a home. Like some loans, a mortgage comes with collateral: the home itself. So if a borrower defaults on the loan, the lender can sell the home to recover its money.
A mortgage loan is normally a long-term debt taken out for 30, 20, or 15 years. Over this period (commonly regarded as the loan’s term), you’ll repay both the amount you borrowed and the interest charged for the loan.
You’ll repay the mortgage subsequently, usually in the form of a monthly payment, which normally consists of both principal and interest charges. Each month, a portion of your monthly mortgage payment will be used to pay off that principal or mortgage balance, and part will go towards settling the interest on the loan. Over time, more of your payment will be used to settle the principal. If you don’t repay the loan, the lender can seize your property via foreclosure.
You don’t really own the property until your mortgage loan has been settled fully. Normally, you will also sign a promissory note at closing, which is your promise to repay the loan.
Is It Possible for Banks to Alter the Terms of a Mortgage?
Are you scared that your bank might change the terms of a mortgage without your consent? Is it even possible for banks to do such?
Of course not! A bank or a mortgage lender cannot change the terms, balance, or even interest rate of the mortgage loan from those in the document you initially signed. Likewise, the payment amount cannot be changed.
A mortgage is a loan that individuals use to purchase a home. To get a mortgage, you’ll work with a bank or other lender. Normally, to begin the process, you’ll go via pre-approved to get an idea of the max the lender is willing to lend and the interest rate you’ll pay. This helps you to estimate the cost of your loan and begin your search for a home.
What is included in a mortgage payment?
There are four major parts of a mortgage payment: the principal, interest, taxes, and insurance, collectively known as “PISI.”. There can be other costs included in the payment, also.
The principal is the specific amount of money you lent from a mortgage lender to buy a home. For example, if you were to purchase a $200,000 home and borrow $120,000 from a lender to help finance the purchase, that would be the principal you owe.
The interest, indicated as a percentage rate, is what the lender charges you to borrow that money. Put differently; the interest is the annual cost you pay for borrowing the principal.
Interest accrues each month, and your monthly payment will cover all the interest that accrued that month. There are other fees involved in getting a mortgage besides interest, including points and other closing costs.
- Property taxes:
Your lender normally collects the property taxes linked with the home as part of your monthly mortgage payment. The money is usually held in an escrow account, which the lender will use to pay your property tax bill when the taxes are due.
- Homeowners Insurance:
Homeowners insurance offers you and your lender a level of protection should a disaster occur or other accidents that affect your property. Your lender receives the insurance premiums as part of your monthly mortgage bill, puts the money in escrow, and makes the payments to the insurance provider for you when the premiums are due.
- Mortgage Insurance:
Your monthly mortgage payment might also come with a fee for private mortgage insurance (PMI). For a conventional loan, this type of insurance is needed when a buyer puts down less than 20% of the home’s purchase price as a down payment.
- The mortgage process:
Applying for a mortgage is a rigorous process involving many procedures on your end. To start, you’ll need evidence of income (via paystubs and previous year’s tax returns), a list of assets, debts, reasons for credit inquiries, brokerage statements ( if applicable), including letters explaining any financial gifts you got for the home bought like help with a down payment from family members.